What is Group Policy?
Group policies are computer and user configurations that can be enabled to secure server and host infrastructure.
There are two basic components of Group Policy, they can be divided into Group Objects and Group Policy Settings.
  • Group Policy objects -Part of Active directory that can be configured with various settings, they are either user or computer configuration setting and can be applied to users or computers, These objects are stored within GPO containers which are stored within the Active Directory Database, each of these objects have a unique Global identifier called a GUID.
  • Group Policy Settings -These are settings that apply to the policy, for example Enabled,Not configured, Disabled. They perform an action. They are stored within the Sysvol folder.
Group Policy can be linked to Local Policy, Sites, Domains,and Organisational units.
On a new install there are two default Policies that are applied:
Default Domain Policy(e.g Passwords, account lockout policies) Try not to touch this one two much as it’s not recommended.  
Default Domain Controller Policy.

Some New Features within Group Policy 2012

  • Force Refresh – Right click on OU and Click Group Policy Update, you will receive a popup to confirm if the update has been applied.
group policy
  • Status Bar – Highlight the Domain name and it will show you the status of the DC
status bar
  • Group Policy Report – Highlight the policy and select settings in the right pain you can note the details listed on how the policy applies and to where it applies
group policy report

Configuration of Group Policy

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